I know I can escape backticks, like `.
Backticks in math mode work if there are no other backticks in the paragraph (although it took a really long time to render as I was editing): $\sigma`(C \setminus A)$.
Single backticks in math mode do not work if there are other backticks in the paragraph: $\sigma`(C \setminus A)$
backticks. (Wait, when I first posted this, the backtick inside math mode and the first backtick outside matched. After edit, they do not. The more data I gather, the more confused I am.)
This is baffling to me! Is there any guide to what's going on (other than reading the parser source code)?