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I deleted the original post on MO and put it here.

Unlike the western counterpart, Chinese family names have fewer varieties. So you can see many Chinese mathematicians named as Zhang, Wang, Li, etc. In the past, this seems not to be a big problem in the math community since some famous Chinese mathematicians happen to have an uncommon family name such as Yau and Tao. But as there are more and more famous Chinese mathematicians with common family name such as Yitang Zhang coming out, this can easily cause some confusions. For example, "Zhang's Theorem" really provides little information about the author "Zhang" since "Zhang" is too common. This terms can not only cause confusions (we may have "Zhang's Theorem" in every area of math in near future!) but also indicates little credit to the person who proved the theorem.

I suggest that when we cite a paper from a Chinese author or name a theorem, we should use full name such as "Yitang Zhang", instead of "Zhang" or "Y. Zhang"(even with "Y.", this is still too common). This should not be viewed as a discrimination nor a preference: this principle can be used whenever there is a risk of confusion (e.g. be more specific about "Smith", "Vinogradov").

PS: one motivation of my suggestion is this question: Which pair of mathematicians has the most joint papers?

One answer is "This is a frivolous item solely to demonstrate the pitfalls of running MathSciNet searches and working with large datasets:

Type "Wang and Zhang" in the author field and get a list of 2417 items. Li and Wang are close contenders with 2300 total. I wouldn't venture a guess how many collaborations that represents!"

I think now you can see why "Wang and Zhang" or "Li and Wang" collaborate so much.

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    $\begingroup$ Thanks. This may seem picky, but some users may prefer that this post be cast in the form of an actual question, e.g., have the third paragraph start "May I suggest... ?" $\endgroup$ – Todd Trimble Dec 29 '16 at 19:45
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    $\begingroup$ Just so you know, MathSciNet does work very hard behind the scenes to disambiguate authors. Each individual author, as far as they can figure it out, has a unique identifier and they record that against a paper/review, not just the author's name. $\endgroup$ – David Roberts Jan 6 '17 at 21:24
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    $\begingroup$ Just as an anecdote, in the field of analysis on metric spaces (or thereabouts) there are publications by two people named Guy David. The first is 'the' Guy David of the David-Semmes renown, the other a postdoc who graduated from UCLA a few years back. The latter uses "Guy C. David" in his papers; apparently he almost ended up as a postdoc under Guy David! $\endgroup$ – Rami Luisto Jan 9 '17 at 5:56
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Some community members are developing a citation tool for use in this forum. While many of us like to be acknowledged by seeing our name, the purists among us prefer to see the work acknowledged. If you wish to alleviate the problem you bring up, I recommend that you use the tool to add the correct citations to forum posts so that the correct works (and by extension, the correct people) are acknowledged.

Gerhard "Not By Any Other Name" Paseman, 2016.12.29.

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    $\begingroup$ Gerhard, you of all of people are known by lots of names! $\endgroup$ – Toby Bartels Mar 24 '18 at 5:58

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