Frequently Asked Questions for MathOverflow

$\begingroup$ Copied here from the original MO faq for easy access. $\endgroup$ – Kaveh Jun 26 '13 at 22:51

$\begingroup$ The first bullet point can be copied over to mathoverflow.net/help/ontopic. See also: meta.mathoverflow.net/questions/83/… $\endgroup$ – Manishearth Jun 26 '13 at 23:24

5$\begingroup$ Would it be possible to have this prominently visible in the main site? You can't really expect new users to browse through all of meta before posting. $\endgroup$ – Angelo Jun 27 '13 at 9:09

$\begingroup$ Will there be any attempt at updating the FAQ to bring it up to date? Should the community edit the answers below? $\endgroup$ – Ricardo Andrade Jun 27 '13 at 9:33

1$\begingroup$ @Ricardo, I think it would be more productive if we discuss the faq items in separate questions and only update them after agreement over them. $\endgroup$ – Kaveh Jun 27 '13 at 15:39
Where's the rule that says I have to wear pants?
MathOverflow doesn't have formal rules about every possible thing that could come up. Roughly, you should think of this site as a large seminar. Be nice. Treat others with the same respect you'd want them to treat you. We're all here to learn together. Be honest. If you see misinformation, vote it down. Insert comments indicating what, specifically, is wrong. Even better—edit and improve the information! Provide stronger, faster, superior answers of your own! Be professional. Doing math with your colleagues is supposed to be fun; that's why you became a mathematician. But just like in a seminar, a certain minimum level of professionalism is expected. If you're unsure about whether something is appropriate, ask yourself, "would I do this in a seminar?"
We also encourage you to use your real name as your username. In your own enlightened selfinterest, realize that participating in blogs, MathOverflow, the arXiv, and mathematical publishing are all forms of advertising for your "brand", even if that’s not your principal purpose (and hopefully it’s not). Since job applications require you to write your real name, you might as well use it everywhere else, too.
Using real names reminds everybody that they are corresponding with real people, and it demonstrates a certain level of personal investment in your MathOverflow identity. If you use a pseudonym and you get into some kind of trouble (e.g. fights in comment threads or Spamlooking posts), the moderators are much less likely to give you the benefit of the doubt.
What kind of questions should I not ask here?
There are several broad categories of questions that should not be asked on MathOverflow. If a question is closed, it's probably because it fell into one of these categories. If your question is closed, please don't take this to mean that you are not welcome on the site, or think that this will be held against you in the future. A lot of active users have had questions closed at one point or another.
MathOverflow is not for homework help. Try to make sure your question is of interest to at least one other mathematician. Though there are no hard and fast rules about who may post here, the intended audience is professional mathematicians, mathematics graduate students, and advanced undergraduates. If your question is closed as "off topic," it might be because it was too elementary. This doesn't mean that your question is "bad," just that MathOverflow isn't the right place for it. But there are lots of other math Q&A sites where your question might fit right in, and we have a list of such sites. If your question was closed as "too localized," it was probably an explicit homework problem (or looked like one). MathOverflow is not the right place for such questions; they send the message that you want somebody else to do your work for you, and you're not even willing to ask it in a general form.
MathOverflow is not a discussion forum. As a sideeffect of being very good for tothepoint questions and answers, the Stack Exchange software is bad for discussions and designed to minimize them. There's a place for discussion about mathematics, but it isn't MathOverflow. Blogs and threaded discussion forums are a more appropriate place for discussions. For more information on this, see the relevant tea.mathoverflow.net threads (e.g. this one).
MathOverflow is not an encyclopedia. MO is a site for questions that have answers. MathOverflow visitors should know how to learn new things and do mathematics on their own, but we all get stuck sometimes, and this is where MO saves the day. When you're stuck, you can come to MathOverflow and say "I'm trying to do X. How can I do that? Does this work? Does anybody have a reference?" The idea being that for an expert, it should take very little effort to understand your confusion and set you on the right path. Or maybe a nonexpert has come across the same sticking point and can explain how she resolved it. MathOverflow is not the appropriate place to ask somebody to write an expository article for you. If you want somebody to write an article about some subject, you should make a stub on Wikipedia, make a query block on nLab, or make a request on PlanetMath.
MathOverflow is not for questions about MathOverflow. Mathematicians don't come here to learn about the intricacies of this site; they come here to get answers to their questions. Let's try to help them out by not cluttering up the system with navelgazing metadiscussion. If you want to report a bug, suggest a feature, or discuss the dynamics of MathOverflow, visit our metadiscussion forum, meta.mathoverflow.net. If you're just really interested in how the underlying Stack Exchange software works, consider visiting meta.stackoverflow or meta.stackexchange, but please don't ask MathOverflowspecific there; it will annoy them.
Have a look at the how to ask a good question page. If your question can't be made to follow the guidelines laid out there, it's likely not a very good question for this site.
What kind of questions can I ask here?
MathOverflow's primary goal is for users to ask and answer mathematical questions related to current research in mathematics. These can be questions that arise when you are working on or preparing to work on a mathematical researchproblem, but they also may be questions that you come across when you are reading scholarly journals or advanced graduate level books in mathematics. A question does not have to be about new mathematics. A typical example is, "Can this hypothesis in that theorem be relaxed in this way?"
The site works best for welldefined questions: math questions that actually have a specific answer. You'll notice that there is the occasional question making a list of something, asking about the workings of the mathematical community, or something else which isn't really a math question. Such questions can be helpful to the community, but it is extremely tricky to ask them in a way that produces a useful response. So if you're new to the site, we suggest you stick to asking precise math questions until you learn about the quirks of the community and the strengths of the medium. If you have a very broad question (like "Please explain topic X"), try searching Google, Wikipedia, nLab, or looking for survey articles on the arXiv.
Please look around to see if your question has already been asked (and maybe even answered!). If you do post a question that was asked here before, don't worry; somebody will give you a link and close your question as duplicate.
The best way to get great answers to your question is to write a great question. To help you do that, we've written down some guidelines on How to ask a good MathOverflow question.
What about open problems?
MathOverflow is not the right place to ask open problems. You should post questions you're actually seriously thinking about. If you're thinking about a wellknown open problem, provide some background and ask about something specific related to the problem, like "Such and such is a wellknown open problem. Soandso proposed this and that approach in the 80s. Does anybody know if this aspect of their proposal can be made to work under these circumstances?" If you want to contribute to (or view) a list of open problems, visit the Open Problem Garden.
If it turns out that a problem is equivalent to a known open problem, then the openproblem tag is added, and the question is converted to community wiki. After that, the question essentially becomes, "What is known about this problem? What are some possible ways to approach this problem? What are some ways that people have tried to attack it before, and with what results?" That way, the MO thread for the problem becomes a repository of resources related to the problem. Perhaps the answers could be organized by approach, with an outline of the basic approach, followed by a horizontal rule and a summary of what is promising about the approach and why it doesn't give a complete solution.
To join the discussion about how MathOverflow should deal with open problems, go to this tea.MO thread What should be the policy on “open problems” on MO?.

1$\begingroup$ This strikes me as out of date in several regards. (1) Scanning through the openproblem tag suggests to me that the primary use is people knowingly asking open problems, or asking for lists of open problems in an area (2) we do not seem to be using CW in the described manner. $\endgroup$ – DESSupportsMonicaAndTransfolk Jun 26 '13 at 23:27

$\begingroup$ @David, I just copied it from the original. I don't know if the discussion about it should go to the previous discussion over tea or a new meta thread. $\endgroup$ – Kaveh Jun 26 '13 at 23:31

3$\begingroup$ No criticism implied; I just thought that if we were going to record the old FAQ we should also bring it up to date. $\endgroup$ – DESSupportsMonicaAndTransfolk Jun 27 '13 at 0:20

7$\begingroup$ I've never really agreed with this policy. I don't see what the problem would be with people asking open problems. I guess we don't need questions about famous open problems that are unlikely to be solved here, but if someone asks a question and it turns out to be open, then that seems fine. I expect that open problems come in a continuum of difficulty, and I don't see why we shouldn't welcome themperhaps some of them will get solved here. $\endgroup$ – Joel David Hamkins Jun 27 '13 at 0:59

3$\begingroup$ Also, the first two sentences seem to be a nonsequitor, implying that nobody is working on an open problem. But of course, the expectation is that we all hope that whatever problem we are working on is open. $\endgroup$ – Joel David Hamkins Jun 27 '13 at 1:00

6$\begingroup$ I never read this as trying to dissuade questions with no known answers, I thought it was to discourage intentionally difficult problems: MO is not a collection of hard math puzzles. $\endgroup$ – François G. Dorais♦ Jun 27 '13 at 2:13

$\begingroup$ I agree with @DavidSpeyer and also expressed a similar sentiment on "tea" some time ago. In one form or another I think this should be rewritten. (I have no very strong feelings or extreme opinions here but I think this text in part does not match reality, and also is apparently open to interpretation) I just got reminded of this as this was added (I think almost verbatim, but with an IMO good clarfication) as the description the openproblem tag. $\endgroup$ – user9072 Jul 3 '13 at 21:05

$\begingroup$ @FrançoisG.Dorais Some links in the help center are dead. Are mods able to edit the help center? Dead links are: Tips and tricks page; this meta.MO thread, [how to ask a good question ](mathoverflow.net/howtoask). I have mentioned this in chat. I thought the best thing to do is to ping a moderator somewhere. $\endgroup$ – Martin Sleziak Jan 10 '14 at 15:20