I recommend doing a search on meta.mathoverflow.net for "reference request". When I do it I get among the results Reference Requests: Good Ways and Bad Ways , Appropriate Reaction to a Failed Reference Request on MO , Should this site be "a shortcut to substitute for literature searches"? , and Getting Experts Opinions on Mathematical Results .

When you read these questions and others, you will find that there are good ways and poor ways to do this, as suggested by Todd Trimble in a comment above. Further, I have the sense that the community is not fully sure what the good ways are. However, if you make it absolutely crystal clear that you have put in some work, and just need a "bit of luck" (hopefully an expert will remember something that becomes a crucial pointer) that requires little or no work on the part of the responder, I think that sort of question would be well received. Also, you might check math.stackexchange, as the audience there might have the
person you want. (Avoid simultaneous cross-posting, and do include references in
delayed cross-posting.)

In order that the question be perceived as crystal clear, not only do I suggest following all the advice the FAQ and "How To Ask" pages offer, I also recommend the following structure for this type of question:

Brief statement of specific request. As an example "Is X (stated below) present in the literature for algorithm-complexity?" (NOT "Is this in the literature somewhere?")

Background/Motivation of result. "In working on a group theory problem, I came up with this numerical relation that I decided to tackle using approximation methods I learned in my
PDE course..."

Inclusion of definitions and other material to make sure X can be understood by
(relatively) nonexperts. "Using the notation of this on-line encyclopedia entry, Z is this graded
structure, double counting orbits of this action on the nth grade leads to relation
R_n, which suggests this dynamic approach Q to solve..."

Clear statement "X: the relations R_n are approximated (using metric M) to within
delta by solutions f_n to the differential system Q, using verifier algorithm A which computes delta."

Recap, as well as acceptable alternatives. "Is this in the algorithmic complexity
literature? I am also interested in connections to number theory or statistics, even
if a minor variation of X (without algorithm A) is used instead."

Show a hint of your work. "I've checked what I know of computational group theory, including X,
as well as basic texts Y and Z in discrete dynamical systems. I have a snippet from
Knuth about Algorithm A, but not in relation to Q or f_n or R_n."

By going through the process of arranging your question this way, ideally additional search terms will be suggested
to you that allow you to find it on your own (and report back your findings).
Even if it is not suggestive to you, it might trigger the desired "bit of luck"
in someone else. However, you don't want to overwhelm the reader: present just
what you need to ask the question, and keep extra detail to the minimum and
off to the side, perhaps in the section of showing some of your work. Again
avoid generalities (we know you would be happy for any reference) and do what
you can to support that expert who might be able to help.

Gerhard "Wants A Bit Of Luck" Paseman, 2014.03.31

evaluationof research, is likely to get a less enthusiastic response. I would hope that an expert who is in a position to say, "no, I haven't seen this written down explicitly anywhere" might also add (if appropriate) something like, "but it's easily seen, because..." which might answer "is it interesting?" $\endgroup$